Forming and adopting policies is the primary method through which the school board leads in the operation of a school system.
Through policy, the board creates a framework within which the superintendent and staff can discharge their duties with positive direction. Policies make clear to the administration what and how much the board wants to see happen, as well as why.
The board should not only adopt policies, but also exercise appropriate oversight as the administration implements the policies. Board members should ask themselves whether policies are being implemented and if they are achieving the desired results.
The process for drafting, considering, adopting, reviewing, and revising board policy is not set by law. Each board can determine its own process for policy development. Generally speaking, the superintendent is expected to alert board members if he or she believes there is a need for a new board policy or to revise an existing one. Local boards of education often require that new or revised policies be considered in no less than two meetings, to provide the opportunity for public feedback and to give board members time to consider that feedback.